Gates of Jerusalem

 

The present Gates of Jerusalem are Herods Gate, Damascus Gate, New Gate, Jaffa Gate, Dung Gate, East Gate. The gates mentioned in Nehemiah chapter 3 are different from these gates and here are the names of these gates. Sheep Gate, Fish Gate, Old Gate, Valley Gate, Dung Gate, Water Gate, Horse Gate, East gate, Miphkad Gate.

The gates in Nehemiah have a spiritual lesson in them and I will try to explain that in the near future and gradually.

 

 

 1- Sheep Gate: Neh. 3:1 (Salvation) "... Behold the lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the

 world." John 1:29. Note: The only gate that is sanctified. Hananeel means Grace.

  

 

 

The Sheep Gate  

http://www.baptistjerusalem.com/sheepgate.jpg

The sheep gate as seen in the model of the second temple

 

 

 

"The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world." Jn:1:29

 

"Then Eliashib the high priest rose up with his brethren the priests, and they builded the sheep gate; they sanctified it, and set up the doors of it; even unto the tower of Meah they sanctified it, unto the tower of Hananeel." Neh:3:1

 

The meaning of the words in this verse

Eliashib: This word is made up two words El and Yashib. El means God and Yashib is to go back. The word means to go back to God which is the word repent.

Tower: The Hebrew word here is megdal and this is derived from the verb gadal which means to grow.

Meah: This word means one hundred.

Hananeel: This word is made up two words Hanan and El. El means God and Hanan means to be gracious or merciful.

 

 

The sheep gate is a symbol of salvation. "Then Eliashib the high priest rose up with his brethren the priests, and they builded the sheep gate; ..." We notice Eliashib the high priest with the priests they build the sheep gate. No person can have salvation without first repenting that is turn back to God. After repentance we need the high priest whose job is to make the atonement in the Temple on the day of Atonement and carry the blood of the the lamb to the Holy of Holies."The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world." Jn:1:29

The Lord Jesus Christ was the lamb of God, and He was also that high priest who carried His own blood to the Holy of Holies to the throne of God.But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building; Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. Heb:9:11,12 God accepted the blood of the Lord Jesus Christ, and now the blood of our Lord Jesus Christ cleans us from all sin.

Our salvation can give fruits thirty, sixty, and it grow to reach a hundred. But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold. Mt:13:8: We are saved by grace through faith and after we are saved we will grow by grace also. But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever. 2Pt:3:18:

 

 

"...they sanctified it, and set up the doors of it; even unto the tower of Meah they sanctified it, unto the tower of Hananeel." Neh:3:1 We notice here this is the only gate that is sanctified all the other gates are not sanctified. "By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all." Heb:10:10 Once we are sanctified we do not need another sanctification. The aim of God in sanctifying us is to witness to others so they can be also sanctified. A wheat seed could grow and give forth fruit. But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold. Mt:13:8: We are saved by grace through faith and after we are saved we will grow in grace also. "But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever." 2Pt:3:18

 

2- Fish Gate: Neh. 3:3 (Obedience) "For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth."

Fish Gate is Damascus Gate

 

Fish Gate

 

The Fish Gate according to the Modle of the Second Temple is called today Damascus Gate. Some put the Fish gate way inside the city. But the large stones at the foundation of the Damascus gate shows that this gate dates back to king Solomon.

" And next unto him builded the men of Jericho. And next to them builded Zaccur the son of Imri. But the fish gate did the sons of Hassenaah build, who also laid the beams thereof, and set up the doors thereof, the locks thereof, and the bars thereof. And next unto them repaired Meremoth the son of Urijah, the son of Koz. And next unto them repaired Meshullam the son of Berechiah, the son of Meshezabeel. And next unto them repaired Zadok the son of Baana. And next unto them the Tekoites repaired; but their nobles put not their necks to the work of their Lord." Neh:3:2-5

The sheep gate was the symbol of salvation and the fish gate is the symbol ofobedience. The statement between the two gates is "And next unto him builded themen of Jericho. And next to them builded Zaccur the son of Imri."

 

The builders between the sheep gate and the fish gate are:

1. Men of Jericho : The word Jericho means fragrant place. Joshua cursed the person who will build Jericho "And Joshua adjured them at that time, saying, Cursed be the man before the Lord, that riseth up and buildeth this city Jericho: he shall lay the foundation thereof in his firstborn, and in his youngest son shall he set up the gates of it." Jos:6:26:

2. Zaccur the son of Imri means remember the promise or what the Lord have said.

After we are saved we have to read the word of God to find out what the Lord have commanded us to do. When we know the Lord commands we must OBEY.

 

The sheep gate was the symbol the Lord Jesus Christ dying on the cross as the lamb of God to take away the sin of the world. The fish gate is the symbol of the death, burial and resurrection of the lord Jesus Christ. "For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth." Mt:12:40 As Jonah came out from the belly of the whale also the Lord Jesus Christ came out from the heart of the earth.

To believe in the death, burial and resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ is the foundation of the Christian faith. "That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation." Rom:10:9

 

The first commandment in the Old Testament is "Master, which is the great commandment in the law? Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment." Mt:22:36-38 The Lord Jesus Christ obeyed this commandment and all the other commandments. This is why he was the only righteous person who lived on this earth. This is why God came in flesh to obey the law and be perfect, and then to die for us and redeem us from the curse of the law. No other person was able to obey the first commandment.

After a person accept the Lord Jesus Christ as his personal savior he is first commanded to be baptized then to join the church and after that to obey all the commandments. The first commandment in the New Testament is baptism. "Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:" Mt:28:19Notice here after a person is descipled he must be baptised. The first commandment in the New Testament is baptism and it is the easiest commandment to obey and no excuse is accepted. Baptism is the symbol of the death, burial and resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ.

 

"But the fish gate did the sons of Hassenaah build, ..." Hassenaah means the thorny, the pricky (sting). "O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?" 1Cor:15:55 The Lord Jesus Christ had victory over the grave and death. We are waiting for his glorious appearing and all the dead in Christ will rise first then we will be raptured because our Lord had victory over the grave and death.

 

 

3- Old Gate: Neh. 3:6 (Temptation) "... that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole

 

 world: ..." Rev. 12:9 See also I Cor. 10:13 Note: This gate opens to the valley of Gehenna. 

The Old Gate  is The Jaffa Gate

     

File:Jaffa Gate Jerusalem.jpg

The Jaffa Gate

 

"There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it." I cor. 10:13.

Neh. 3: 6  Moreover the old gate repaired Jehoiada the son of Paseah, and Meshullam the son of Besodeiah; they laid the beams thereof, and set up the doors thereof, and the locks thereof, and the bars thereof.

Jehoiada the son of Paseah. The meaning of the name Jehoiada is Jehovah (The Lord) knows. The word  son of Paseah means the son of the Passover.

The devil is going to tempt us, but the Lord (Jehovah) knows the son of the Passover and He will not tempt those who have accepted Christ as their personal saviour above their ability but make a way to escape that they may be able to bear it.

Meshullam the son of Besodeiah. The meaning of the name Meshullam is rewarded. The word  son of Besodeiah 1. Assemble with the Lord. 2. Consult the Lord 3. Converse with the Lord 4. Enter into secret communion with the Lord.

The devil will tempt the believer and when he will overcome, God will reward him because he was faithful. He is the son of Besodeiah that is he is present when the people of God assemble together with the Lord, he consults the Lord when he faces a problem, he is always praying  and converseing with the Lord, and he is in communion and fellowship with the Lord.

 

7: And next unto them repaired Melatiah the Gibeonite, and Jadon the Meronothite, the men of Gibeon, and of Mizpah, unto the throne of the governor on this side the river.

Melatiah the Gibeonite. The meaning of the name Melatiah whom the Lord delivers. Gibeonite is the people who lives in Gibeon. Gibeon means a hill.

Jadon the Meronothite. The meaning of the name Jadon is He (the Lord) judges. Meronothite is the people who lives in the city of Meron. Meron is a word not found in the Hebrew language.

men of Gibeon, and of Mizpah.  Mizpah it is a town in Gilead and the meaning is watch-tower.

4- Valley Gate: Neh. 3:13 (God's protection and care) "Yea, thou I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I

 

 will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me." Psalm 23:4.

VALLEY GATE

The valley gate repaired Hanun, and the inhabitants of Zanoah; they built it, and set up the doors thereof, the locks thereof, and the bars thereof, and a thousand cubits on the wall unto the dung gate.

The valley gate was repaired and built by a person by the name Hanun and a group of people the inhabitants of Zanoah

Hanun is a noun taken from the root word Hanan which means mercy. So Hanun would mean merciful.

Inhabitants of Zanoah:   Zanoah is a noun taken from the root word Zanah which means stink, reject.

Through the valley of death two groups of people pass it. The people who have received mercy from the Lord, that is to say they are born again, they can say, "Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they comfort me.:" psalm 23:4  The second group of people they have rejected the mercy of God and God will reject them and they will stink. When they pass through the valley of the shadow of death, they will not have any comfort.

 

 

 

 

5- Dung Gate: Neh. 3:14 (Confession) Through the dung gate all the trash of the city was taken out to the valley of Gehenna  to be burned. To heal the city is to keep it clean and to keep it clean is to take away the trash out of the city and burn it. The same way in confessing our sins we are forgiven. "If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleans us from all unrightousness." I John 1:9

6- Fountain Gate: Neh. 3:14 (Believe as the scripture have said and you will have the Holy Spirit) "He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.

7- Water Gate: Neh. 3:26 (Word of God) "That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word." Eph. 5:26

8- Horse Gate: Neh. 3:28 (Judgement) See Rev. 6:1-8 the horse as the symbol of judgement.

 

 

 

 

9- East Gate: Neh. 3:29 (The Lord's Return) See Ezekiel 43: 1-6 and Ezekiel 44: 1-3

EASTERN  GATE

 

This Gate was not rebuilt or repaired

The Lord Jesus Christ Is coming back through this door.

 

Ezekiel 43:1-6
1: Afterward he brought me to the gate, even the gate that looketh toward the east: 
2: And, behold, the glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east: and his voice was like a noise of many waters: and the earth shined with his glory. 
3: And it was according to the appearance of the vision which I saw, even according to the vision that I saw when I came to destroy the city: and the visions were like the vision that I saw by the river Chebar; and I fell upon my face. 
4: And the glory of the LORD came into the house by the way of the gate whose prospect is toward the east. 
5: So the spirit took me up, and brought me into the inner court; and, behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house. 
6: And I heard him speaking unto me out of the house; and the man stood by me. 

 

Ezekiel 44:1-3

1: Then he brought me back the way of the gate of the outward sanctuary which looketh toward the east; and it was shut. 
2: Then said the LORD unto me; This gate shall be shut, it shall not be opened, and no man shall enter in by it; because the LORD, the God of Israel, hath entered in by it, therefore it shall be shut. 
3: It is for the prince; the prince, he shall sit in it to eat bread before the LORD; he shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate, and shall go out by the way of the same
. 

 

 

 

 

10- Miphkad Gate: Neh. 3:31 (New Heaven and New Earth) The word Miphkad in Hebrew means a numbering, census, and the appointed place. "In my Father's house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you." John 14:2