DINOSAUR

When did dinosaurs inhabit the earth?

How is Carbon-14 formed?

Carbon-14 is created from nitrogen-14 in the upper atmosphere of the earth. Radiation from the sun collides with atoms in the atmosphere. These collisions create secondary cosmic rays in the form of energentic neutrons. When these neutrons collide with nitrogen-14 in the atmosphere carbon-14 can be created. Nitrogen normally occurs in a seven proton, seven nuetron, nitrogen-14 state. When it collides with an energetic neutron it becomes carbon-14, with six protons and eight neutrons and gives off a hydrogen atom with one proton and zero neutrons.

There has been dispute among scientists regarding this gigantic animal.  Some believe that dinosaurs inhabited the earth 250 million years ago, others 10 million, and other only six thousand.  When I was a university student, I studied a theory that stated that dinosaurs lived tens of millions of years ago at a time when the earth was 50 million years old according to scientists.

The study of this subject needs our understanding how carbon-14 is formed and how it disintegrates. Carbon-14 is created from nitrogen-14  when the radiation from the sun collides with atoms in the atmosphere creates secondary cosmic rays in the form of neutrons. When neutrons collide with nitrogen-14 they can create carbon-14 atoms.

Carbon-14 is an isotope of carbon and the ratio of carbon-14 to carbon-12  is around one in one trillion and this ratio is not constant. Carbon-14 can combine with oxygen to form carbon dioxide (CO2) and finally could enter living organisms. 

 

When a plant or animal dies it stops bringing in new carbon-14. However, the carbon-14 already in the organism's body continues to decay at a constant rate. Therefore, the amount of carbon-14 in an artifact decreases at a predictable rate while the amount of carbon-12 remains constant. By comparing the ratio of carbon-14 to carbon-12 in an artifact to the ratio of carbon-14 to carbon-12 in living organisms scientists can determine the age of the organism.

 Things have changed since; scientists have discovered many things since that time.  For example, 150 scientists in California discovered that there was no life on earth six thousand years ago.  One of the proofs of that was found with the study of sedimentation at the world’s estuaries.  Scientists concluded that the world’s rivers are no more than six thousand years old.  After extensive studies of carbon-14, a radioactive substance that is formed when the sun emits X-rays through the ozone layer, it was found that the amount of carbon-14 in the atmosphere increases with more atomic reactions in the sun, which lead to the emission of a bundle of X-rays that increases the amount of Nitrogen that is converted to carbon-14.  There is another factor that affects the percentage of carbon-14, and that is the thickness of the ionosphere, which prevents harmful rays emitted by the sun and other sources from reaching the earth.  If we were to study the Bible, we would find answers to all of the questions that puzzle scientists unable to offer adequate explanations.

Genesis 1:6-10 says, “And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.  And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day. And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so. And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.”  These words that are recorded in the Bible tell us that there was water around the earth.  With a sea of water enveloping the earth, there was a layer of water in the heavens that X-rays could not penetrate and that therefore prevented the formation of carbon-14.  The lack of carbon-14 in the atmosphere meant that this radioactive element did not reach the earth or the animals and plants that existed at the time.  Therefore, all the animals that scientists today claim are millions of years old are in reality only a few thousand years old.  These animals were created before the flood, because when the flood happened the layer of water in the heavens around the earth fell: “In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.” Genesis 7:11  When that happened, carbon-14 began to form in the ionosphere and fall to the earth and into the makeup of plants, animals, and human beings.  Examinations of animals that lived before the flood show that these animals are completely free of the radioactive substance carbon-14.  Scientists who claim that the approximate age of these animals is millions of years do so because they think that carbon-14 has existed since the formation of the earth, that it is part of the makeup of bones, and that it takes millions of years for carbon-14 to be converted to carbon-12.  But if we believe what the Bible says, we know that the layer of water around the earth prevented the formation of carbon-14, and that debunks the theory that animal life began millions of years ago.  The theory that God has recorded debunks all other unproven theories.  Back to dinosaurs, the Bible tells us when they were created and when they died out, so why don’t we refer to the Bible.

Genesis 1:21 says, “And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.” great whales In Hebrew is התנ'נמ הגדל'מ which means great dragons or large animals that is dinosaurs. Because all animals were herbivores – including human beings, lions, and wolves – and even birds were not predatory, dinosaurs fed on plants like other animals.  Not one of these animals – whether large or small – was predatory.  God commanded Noah to bring every type of animal into the ark except for large animals that is to say great dinosaurs.  After the flood, all land dinosaurs died, and the only large creature that remained was the whale, which is a sea dinosaurs that contains to roam the waters.  God created these dinosaurs around 4000 B.C., i.e. about 6000 years ago, and they became extinct only 1656 years after their creation, so the day of their extinction was during Noah’s time, or about 4340 years ago.  Man is constantly unable to comprehend divine truths, so he winds up trudging through the darkness around us seeking to unlock the secrets of the universe.  But why not go to the Creator of the universe, who says that He created the angels, human beings, animals, and plants?  God, who created everything, wants to make you a new creature: “Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.” 2 Corinthians 5:17  He wants to create a clean heart: “Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.” Psalm 51:10  You can become a new creature by believing that you are a sinner who deserves hell and coming to Jesus and praying to Him, saying, “Lord, I am a sinner.  Forgive my sins, and wash me with your pure blood, which you shed on the cross.  Come into my heart and make me a new creature.  In the name of Jesus Christ I ask these things, Amen.”

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